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Trees of the Sepulveda BasinShrubs and PerennialsAquatic PlantsWeeds of the Sepulveda BasinVegetation Management in the Sepulveda Basin
 
COMMON SHRUBS AND PERENNIALS OF THE SEPULVEDA BASIN WILDLIFE RESERVE
 
 
 
 
Mulefat (Baccharis salicifolia) - Sunflower Family
 
 
Mulefat, named so because horses and mules love to eat it, is bushy, growing less than 13 feet tall. Mulefat lives in streams or where water is just below the surface of the ground. Winter floods often knock mulefat over. It quickly sends out new shoots or bends the old stems toward the sun.
 
 
 
 
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above, mulefat blooms all year.
 
   
 
 
   
 
Coyote bush (Baccharis pilularis) - Sunflower Family
 
 
The coyote bush is dioecious, meaning there are separate female and male plants.
 
 
 
 

coyote bush (male)

coyote bush (female)
 
 
 

above, coyote bushes bloom in December.
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
California wild rose (Rosa californica) - Rose Family
 
 
The California wild rose can grow 8 feet tall. The rose if very bushy and has sharp thorns.
The flower buds were eaten by native Americans. Rose hips were used as medicine. Rose hips are used now to make a fragrant tea.
 
 
 
 

above, California rose flowers are about 1” in diameter.
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
Davidson’s bush mallow (Malacothamnus davidsonii) - Mallow Family
 
 
The closest location that Davidson’s bush mallow occurs in the wild is in the Hansen Dam vicinity. It is thriving on Hummingbird Hill and spreading by underground rhizomes to form new plants. This plant is considered rare, and is on the CNPS List 1B.2.
 
 
 
 

above, Davidson’s bush mallow flower and leaf.
 

above, Davidson’s bush mallow grows to be a large shrub.
 
 
 
 
   
 
Golden currant (Ribes aureum) - Gooseberry Family
 
 
The golden currant is the first plant to flower each season, often as early as December.
By mid-spring, the currants have formed and turn darker and riper, until they are juicy morsels for birds and other wildlife.
The plant is deciduous and loses its leaves by mid-summer.
 
 

 
 

above, golden currant flowers and leaves.
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
Mexican elderberry (Sambucus mexicana) - Honeysuckle Family
 
 
 
 

above, young elderberry shrub in North Reserve.
 

above, elderberry fruit and flowers.
 
 
 
 
   
 
California blackberry (Rubus ursinus) - Rose Family
 
 
 
 

above, California blackberry creates large thorny thickets.
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
Narrow-leaved milkweed (Asclepius fascicularis) - Milkweed Family
 
 

 
 

above, milkweed flowers attract Monarch butterflies that lay their eggs.
The Monarch caterpillars eat the leaves and the milkweed sap
gives the Monarch butterflies their unappetizing taste.
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
Toyon (Heteromeles arbutifolia) - Rose Family
 
 

 
 

above: toyon planted on south bank of Burbank Blvd.
 
 
 
 

toyon flower
 

toyon berries
 
 
 
 
   
 
Bladderpod (Isomeris arborea) - Caper Family
 
 

 
 

above, black-chinned hummingbird seeks nectar from bladderpod on Hummingbird Hill.
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
Purple sage (Salvia leucophylla) - Mint Family
 
 
Purple sage has gray-green leaves and pink flowers. It will lose its leaves in the summer if rain was scant in spring.
In the Reserve purple sage has been planted on Hummingbird Hill and in the South Reserve on the Burbank Blvd. berm.
 
 

 
 

above, purple sage covered in flower heads.
 
 
 
 
 
   
   
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